camera on or off in virtual meetings

When to Turn Your Camera On or Off in Virtual Meetings

Virtual meetings have become essential for collaboration, communication, and decision-making.

These online gatherings eliminate geographical barriers, enabling teams to work together in real-time. As virtual meetings grow, so does the camera conundrum: should you keep your camera on or off?

According to a Zoom report, 84% of managers feel more equipped to build strong, effective teams when they and their colleagues have their videos on. 

Furthermore, 82% of managers believe that turning on videos helps assemble teams that work well together. These insights highlight the critical role of visual engagement in fostering a more connected and productive work environment.

Various factors, such as personal preference, cultural norms, privacy concerns, and technological limitations, can influence whether to keep your camera on or off. 

One of the most challenging situations is when employers or team leaders turn their cameras off while expecting others to keep theirs on. This creates an awkward and uncomfortable dynamic, as speaking to a screen can feel unnatural.

Let’s explore this issue further to determine when it’s appropriate to turn the camera on and off in virtual meetings. 📸👇

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Pros and Cons of Keeping Cameras On

Enabling cameras during virtual meetings can significantly improve engagement and foster stronger connections among team members. This visual interaction creates a more personal and connected environment, enhancing communication and understanding.

However, it can also lead to self-consciousness and camera anxiety, making employees wonder if they are following virtual meeting etiquette correctly. 

Organizations need to create a supportive and inclusive atmosphere where employees feel comfortable participating with cameras on while also respecting those who prefer to keep their cameras off for various reasons.

Here are some pros and cons of keeping cameras on to help your team focus more on productivity:


1. Enhances accountability and focus 

When cameras are on, participants are more engaged and visually present in meetings. This visibility encourages active contributions, questions, and input, fostering a culture of accountability. 

Participants are less likely to multitask or be distracted, knowing they are visible.

2. Fosters a connection between attendees

Cameras allow participants to see each other’s faces, making the interaction more personal and authentic. 

This visual presence bridges the gap between remote team members and creates a sense of connection. 

3. Facilitates communication through facial cues

Verbal communication conveys the tone of a message, but facial expressions are equally important. Smiles, nods, frowns, and raised eyebrows provide context that enhances understanding. 

Consider turning the camera on if miscommunication is frequent in your online meetings. 

4. Builds trust and relationships

It is important to have a great relationship with colleagues you see daily; their smiles and greetings can start your day off right. The same applies to virtual meetings—keeping your camera on fosters connection through frequent visual interactions.

Over time, this creates a sense of familiarity and closeness. Even occasional small talk helps bring people together. To enhance this connection, consider virtual team building activities.

5. Fostering understanding and cultural sensitivity

Keeping cameras on during virtual meetings helps global teams develop a deeper understanding and appreciation of different cultures. 

Face-to-face interactions, even virtually, allow team members to pick up on non-verbal cues and expressions, enhancing communication and reducing misunderstandings. 

This practice fosters a more inclusive and empathetic work environment where team members feel more connected and valued, improving collaboration and productivity.


1. Micromanagement and privacy concerns

Working from home allows us to enjoy comfort, but there’s pressure to maintain a certain appearance during virtual meetings. Constant camera use can intrude on personal space and privacy, especially in shared environments. 

This can lead to self-consciousness and may be perceived as micromanagement, reflecting a lack of trust and autonomy within the team. 

2. Technical difficulties 

Keeping cameras on during virtual meetings often leads to technical difficulties. Inadequate internet bandwidth can cause poor video quality, buffering, or lagging. 

Some employees may face these issues due to outdated or incompatible hardware, such as webcams or low-performance computers.

The choice of platform for virtual meetings also matters. Even popular platforms like Google Meet can have frequent issues. If you encounter these difficulties regularly, consider exploring Google Meet alternatives, as many reliable options are available.

Additionally, the platform’s complexity can be a hurdle. No one wants to spend hours learning how to use video meeting software before discussing important matters. 

To avoid these difficulties, look for reliable and easy-to-use 1-on-1 meeting software that makes attending virtual meetings seamless.

3. Camera anxiety and self-consciousness

The pressure to keep the camera on in virtual meetings can trigger anxiety, leading to fumbling words and reduced productivity. Constantly needing to appear a certain way heightens self-consciousness and affects confidence in these types of meetings.

Privacy concerns arise as personal environments are visible, causing stress and a lack of focus. Prolonged camera use also leads to physical and mental exhaustion, impacting productivity and engagement.

Allow team members, especially those new to platforms like Zoom, the freedom to get comfortable without the pressure of keeping cameras on. Leaders should share Zoom tips to improve the meeting experience and help members feel at ease.

💬 People Also Ask: 

Is it OK to not turn on the camera on Zoom? 

Balancing engagement and comfort is key when deciding whether to keep your camera on during Zoom meetings. It’s usually fine not to turn on your camera, as personal comfort and preferences vary.

Having your camera on for important discussions is best, but you are not obligated to do so for routine meetings. 

For more tips, check out our detailed Zoom meeting etiquette guide to ensure you’re doing everything right!

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The Impact on Employees

Camera usage in virtual meetings influences employees both positively and negatively. Nonverbal communication cues such as facial expressions and gestures reduce room for confusion. 

It also leads to more accountability and engagement during meetings, which boosts productivity. 

However, employees may experience performance anxiety or self-consciousness when on camera. 

Constant camera use can raise privacy concerns, leading to discomfort and reluctance to engage fully in meetings. 

Allowing employees the autonomy to choose whether to appear on camera respects their needs and creates a more inclusive and supportive virtual environment. This is especially important given natural disturbances in home settings.

A classic example is the viral interview where Professor Robert Kelly’s children interrupted, causing a disruption that quickly went viral. 

While amusing, it highlights the potential for embarrassment and stress. To avoid such situations, it’s best to let team members decide when to use their cameras, reserving mandatory video use for significant meetings.

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How to Communicate Meeting Expectations With Your Team 

While you can send back-and-forth emails to communicate your expectations, sometimes details slip through the cracks, such as whether to keep the camera on or off. A tool like ClickUp can automate this process and make communication much easier.

ClickUp Meetings and many other features of the platform can help you communicate meeting expectations with ease and give them a heads-up. 

For example, you can create checklists within tasks to list specific expectations, such as camera usage guidelines. Clearly state when keeping the camera on is required or optional. 

ClickUp Tasks
Use ClickUp to set checklists detailing standard camera usage guidelines for different types of meetings

Team members, especially those new to the organization, should have a reference point to understand the organization’s policies. 

Another feature, ClickUp Docs, can help you centralize camera usage guidelines, making them easy for employees to find and follow. 

Whether you prefer cameras on during team meetings or off during individual check-ins, having these guidelines readily accessible within tasks ensures everyone is aware of and adheres to the expectations.

ClickUp Docs
ClickUp Docs helps you centralize all information and company guidelines for your employees

ClickUp Reminders can also gently remind members that a particular meeting requires the camera to be on. Such reminders can save people from the stress of turning cameras on in an ad hoc meeting, promoting a smoother and more focused meeting experience.

ClickUp Reminders
Send your team reminders about meeting guidelines using ClickUp Reminders

Leaders or managers can also record short clips outlining the importance of cameras for building rapport and enhancing communication during team meetings to strengthen connections. They can also give tips on being more comfortable on camera. 

Lastly, recurring tasks can be used for regular meetings to give specific guidelines regarding camera usage. 

Each task can specify whether cameras are expected to be on or off for that meeting. This clarifies the team and makes it easier for them to participate effectively in virtual meetings. 

Use ClickUp to set recurring tasks for weekly meetings
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Balancing Camera Use in Virtual Meetings with ClickUp 

Keeping the camera on should be optional. Give your team the space they need and the freedom to keep the camera switched on or off in virtual meetings. 

Cameras should be optional unless a meeting requires utmost engagement and focus.

Use the right tools and automate reminders to convey expectations for mandatory meetings. Keep your team prepared and engaged, and give them tips to be confident on camera. 

Remember, it’s all about maintaining an open dialogue and offering flexibility to adapt to their needs.

Enhance your virtual meeting experience and streamline your processes with ClickUp. As a remote-first company, ClickUp understands the importance of effective communication and collaboration. We find it helpful to keep cameras on during our 1:1s, all-hands meetings, and team catch-ups to foster a more personal and productive environment.

ClickUp seamlessly integrates with tools like Zoom. To help teams stay organized, manage tasks, track progress, and collaborate in real time, boosting overall productivity and efficiency. 

Sign up for ClickUp today and discover how it can transform your team’s productivity and collaboration.

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