who moved my cheese book summary

Who Moved My Cheese Summary: Key Takeaways & Review 

At first glance, cheese might sound like an unusual metaphor for aspirational values like happiness, success, and wealth. However, when you read Spencer Johnson’s iconic fable, Who Moved My Cheese, you’ll understand why it’s the perfect one. 

Published in 1992, the book owes its enormous success to its simple yet profound message: change is inevitable, and our response to it determines our fate.

If you want to absorb the lessons from the book but can’t spare the time to read the whole thing, let’s take you through the Who Moved My Cheese summary.

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Who Moved My Cheese Book Summary at a Glance

Who Moved My Cheese Book Summary
via Amazon

Who Moved My Cheese is both an inspirational and cautionary story that revolves around four main characters—Sniff, Scurry, Hem, and Haw.

Sniff and Scurry are two mice 🐁 while Hem and Haw are little people 🧑‍🤝‍🧑.

All four characters live in a maze and search for cheese. But as they encounter changes in their cheese supply, each responds differently to them, with varying degrees of success.

Hem and Haw discover a vast source of cheese and settle into a life of predictable comfort, building elaborate routines around their cheese supply. Meanwhile, Sniff and Scurry constantly sniff the air, adapting to ever-changing cheese patterns.

One day, the cheese disappears. 

Hem and Haw are devastated, clinging to their past, blaming and fearing the unknown. Sniff and Scurry, however, quickly adjust and explore new tunnels, finding delicious new cheese. 

Haw eventually joins them, embracing the change and rediscovering his adventurous spirit. But Hem remains trapped in denial, refusing to move on.

Phases in the story

The story unfolds in four parts:

Part 1: Cheese Station C

All four characters enjoy a content, stable life, happily indulging themselves in a seemingly endless supply of cheese from Cheese Station C.

Part 2: The cheese vanishes

As they enjoy the abundance, the characters become complacent, taking the cheese for granted. But that all changes one day, when the cheese mysteriously disappears. 

Though Sniff and Scurry had suspected the cheese supply was dwindling, its sudden loss comes as a shock. The characters are forced to confront the reality that the circumstances they relied on have changed. 

The vanishing of the cheese is a powerful metaphor for unexpected changes that we must all confront at one point or another in our lives. 

Sniff, Scurry, Hem, and Haw now face a choice: resist change or embrace it.

Part 3: Adapting to change 

The way the four characters respond to the disappearance of the cheese reflects their differing attitudes toward change.

Sniff and Scurry decide to venture deeper into the maze, searching for new cheese. They learn to let go of the past and embrace the unknown in the hunt for sustenance. Eventually, their efforts pay off and they find the new cheese.

Hem and Haw, on the other hand, resist the change. They mistakenly believe that someone moved their cheese and cling to the hope that the old cheese will return. For a long time, they struggle to accept the uncertainty of their situation.

Part 4: Enjoying the new cheese

The final part of the story focuses on Haw’s journey of adaptation. He learns to navigate the maze, leaving his realizations as messages on the walls. These messages share his insights on what it means to cope with change. 

Haw, too, eventually discovers the new stash of cheese, symbolizing a fresh opportunity or success. The experience of adapting and finding new cheese brings him joy and fulfillment. 

In this part, Spencer Johnson highlights the importance of:

  • Letting go of the past
  • Embracing change with a positive mindset
  • Actively seeking new opportunities

It encourages readers to not only adapt to change but to find joy and satisfaction in the process of exploration and growth. 

Symbolism in the story

While the book uses anthropomorphized characters most often seen in children’s books, it contains important lessons for businesses. Here is a breakdown of some of the key symbols in the book:

Cheese Station C: The station serves as a metaphor for a secure and predictable environment where individuals find satisfaction in their lives.

The cheese: “Cheese” symbolizes anything you value in life, whether it’s a secure job, a loving relationship, good health, or personal fulfillment. The two types of cheese, the “hard nibbling” for the mice and the “Cheese” with a capital C for the humans highlight the diversity of our desires and the subjective nature of what makes us happy.

Old cheese versus new cheese represents holding on to outdated ideas and habits versus embracing new opportunities and growth

The maze: The maze represents the environment we navigate in pursuit of these desires, filled with both opportunities and challenges

Running shoes: They symbolize preparation and readiness for change.

Sniff’s backpack: Sniff’s backpack serves as a multi-layered symbol of his preparedness and resilience in the face of changing circumstances. It can be seen as a physical manifestation of his experiences, adaptability, resourcefulness, or even emotional attachment. 

Haw’s “Write it on the Wall” messages: Haw’s “Write it on the Wall” messages illustrate his personal journey of coping with change, evolving from resistance to acceptance. Initially, writing helps him process his emotions and express his anger at the situation. At this stage, his messages are accusatory: “Who moved my cheese?” or “Why me?”

As time passes, Haw’s writing evolves as his thoughts do. He grapples with his fears and anxieties, writing messages that reflect his internal struggle: “It’s too scary in here!” or “Maybe the new cheese isn’t worth it”

Eventually, Haw starts writing messages that offer a glimmer of hope and encouragement. He acknowledges the difficulty of change but also recognizes the need to move forward: “No cheese here. Move on!” or “New cheese awaits!”

These messages are not just for himself, but also for Hem. Haw hopes Hem will see them when he finally sets off on his own journey of change. By sharing his lessons and acknowledging how one must adapt to survive, Haw documents his own journey of growth and paves the way for those who might follow him. 

His final message: “Smell the cheese often so you know when it’s getting old” is a distilled lesson learned from his experience. It urges Hem and the readers to be proactive, to read the signs of changing headwinds, and to recognize the inevitability of change.

The main message of the book can be encapsulated as follows: Change is bound to happen, and if you accept change and adjust, you tend to do well. But if you resist it, you might have to struggle to grow. 

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Key Takeaways from Who Moved My Cheese by Spencer Johnson

The book attempts to leave readers with the following key takeaways:

1. Embrace change

Even when changes seem scary, you’ve to deal with them, and accepting this aspect of life sets you up for success. 

Sniff and Scurry embody this principle by quickly adapting to changes in their environment, always ready to move on in search of new opportunities.

Quick tips to embrace change at work:

  • Cultivate a positive attitude towards change by appreciating its potential for fueling learning and growth
  • Encourage open communication within your team to prepare them for change and discuss concerns and questions 
  • Celebrate successful adaptations to change, creating a culture that values flexibility and resilience

2. Be adaptable

The ability to adjust to changing circumstances is vital for finding “cheese” or success. You must remain open to new possibilities and learn new skills. 

In the story, Haw learns this lesson the hard way. Though he initially resists change, he eventually realizes that adapting is the key to finding new sources of cheese.

Quick tips for adaptability:

  • Encourage a mindset of continuous learning within the team
  • Provide the training and resources your team needs to enhance skills and competencies
  • Foster an environment where experimentation and trying new approaches are celebrated rather than discouraged

3. Anticipate change

Anticipating change is a proactive approach to staying ahead in a disruption-prone world. 

Sniff and Scurry regularly check the status of their cheese supply. It allows them to anticipate and prepare for any changes. 

This underscores the importance of staying vigilant and being aware of potential shifts in your environment.

Quick tips to prepare for change at work:

  • Monitor industry trends and technological advancements
  • Regularly assess the effectiveness of your current strategies
  • Encourage team members to share insights and observations that may signal potential changes

4. Overcome fear

A paralyzing fear of the unknown hinders personal and professional growth. 

Haw faces his fears by venturing into the unknown parts of the maze, realizing that overcoming fear is essential for discovering new opportunities and achieving success.

Quick tips to nurture a fearless workforce:

  • Create a supportive, safe environment to help team members express their worries
  • Coach and mentor individuals to navigate and overcome their fears
  • Acknowledge and celebrate instances where individuals overcome challenges or fears

5. Enjoy change

Rather than dreading change, learn to enjoy the journey and feel happy. 

The characters who embrace change find joy in the process, understanding that it leads to new experiences and opportunities. This mindset shift can make the journey more fulfilling and less stressful.

Quick tips to thrive in change:

  • Foster a culture that values innovation and creativity
  • Encourage team members to share success stories related to embracing change and treat each misstep as a learning opportunity
  • Highlight the positive outcomes and growth that often accompany successful adaptations

6. Smell the cheese often

Just like Sniff and Scurry, regularly monitor changes in your environment. This means staying alert to potential changes, so you can anticipate and prepare for the future. 

Keeping a watchful eye on your surroundings also keeps you primed to make timely decisions. 

Quick tips for staying vigilant:

  • Implement tools and processes for continuous monitoring of key metrics
  • Establish a feedback loop where team members can share observations and insights
  • Conduct regular check-ins to assess the effectiveness of ongoing strategies

7. Innovate and experiment

Experimentation and innovation are crucial for adapting to change. 

The characters in the story learn to experiment with different paths, discovering new routes to arrive at a cheese source. This illustrates the importance of trying new approaches and thinking outside the box.

Quick tips to encourage innovation:

  • Set aside time for brainstorming and idea generation 
  • Create a designated space or platform for sharing and testing new ideas
  • Recognize and reward innovative solutions and approaches

8. Learn from change

Every change brings valuable lessons. 

As he journeys through the maze, Haw comes to realize the importance of learning from his experiences. Reflecting on the past and extracting lessons can provide insights that guide future decisions.

Quick tips to learn from the past:

  • Conduct post-change reviews to analyze what worked well and areas for improvement
  • Encourage a culture of continuous improvement by implementing feedback loops
  • Provide opportunities for team members to share and discuss lessons learned from recent changes
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The book’s powerful message expressed in a lighthearted story of mice, little people, and cheese, has captured the imagination of millions of readers from all walks of life. Here are some of the most popular quotes from the book: 

“What you are afraid of is never as bad as what you imagine. The fear you let build up in your mind is worse than the situation that actually exists.”

This quote highlights the psychological impact of fear and how it can make challenges seem overwhelming. By facing fears and recognizing that they are often exaggerated, you can approach challenges with a clearer mindset. That helps you overcome obstacles more effectively.

When you stop being afraid, you feel good.

In the story, Haw realizes that overcoming fear brings a sense of liberation and positivity. Fear prevents personal and professional growth. Overcoming your fears is essential to developing a sense of self-worth and confidence. 

Smell the cheese often so you know when it is getting old.

The characters in the story regularly check the status of their cheese supply to stay informed about its freshness. It reminds you that it is crucial to monitor and stay aware of your environment. Regular assessment helps you detect the signs of change early.

The quicker you let go of old cheese, the sooner you find new cheese.

This quote is about the importance of letting go of the past and being open to new opportunities. Outdated or ineffective strategies can slow your progress. That’s why you need to constantly course-correct, even if change is unfamiliar and uncomfortable at first.

If you do not change, you can become extinct!

This quote is a reminder that resistance to change can lead to stagnation and irrelevance. Change is a constant, in business and in life. If you get stuck in your ways and don’t change, it will hinder your growth.

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Apply Who Moved My Cheese Principles with ClickUp

ClickUp, a powerful project management platform, is built on the principles espoused in Who Moved My Cheese. We understand how important adaptability, agility, and nimbleness can be in a fast-paced business environment. Here’s how ClickUp empowers change-makers to stay ahead of their tasks and the competition: 

Change Management Templates

ClickUp Change Management Template
Use ready-made checklists and templates in ClickUp to manage change efficiently

You can customize ClickUp’s change management templates to suit your specific needs such as for process improvements or product launches. With these templates, you can track your change management initiatives and ensure they run smoothly, efficiently, and meet your goals.


  • Define goals, track progress, and communicate effectively with stakeholders during periods of change by using these change management templates 
  • Plan and implement changes seamlessly, ensuring that your team is well-prepared for transitions

Tasks to Track Different “Cheeses” or Goals

As you navigate business challenges, use ClickUp to create tasks to track the various goals or “cheeses” your team is working hard to achieve.


  • Assign tasks to team members, set deadlines, and monitor progress. This ensures everyone is aligned and working towards common objectives
ClickUp Task Creator Template
Assign and update due dates and task deadlines for every task at once in ClickUp
  • Organize your goals and track progress visually using ClickUp task management folders and dashboards. These provide a clear overview of your priorities and help you stay focused on the bigger picture
  • Break down long-term goals into smaller, actionable tasks to track progress more efficiently. As a result, your team stays motivated throughout their journey

Collaboration Features for Communication and Adaptability

Just like Haw scrawls on the walls of his maze, you too can distill your learnings and build a culture of healthy communication and adaptability with ClickUp. ClickUp’s collaborative features, such as Docs, ClickUp’s Communication Plan Whiteboard Template, Chat, and Mind Maps help you do that.

ClickUp Workspace Dashboard
Keep track of collaborative projects and work with remote teams with ClickUp Workspace


  • Stay connected with your team, share insights, and discuss challenges
  • Work together to navigate change effectively

Custom Workflows for Flexibility

Tailor your project management processes to fit the unique needs of your team using Custom Workflows in ClickUp

ClickUp Custom Workflow Image
Set up custom workflows and agile trackers for your project teams inside ClickUp


  • Adapt your workflows as your projects evolve, accommodating changes effectively

Reporting and Analytics for Monitoring Change

Like the mice in the story, keep your ear close to the ground and monitor changes in your projects and workflows with ClickUp’s reporting and analytics tools. 


  • Analyze data and trends to identify areas that require adjustment and make informed decisions to navigate change successfully
Reporting and Analytics for Monitoring Change
Choose among the most popular project management methods and tools—all within ClickUp
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The Way Forward

Who Moved My Cheese is a guide to navigating the complexities of change with grace and resilience. With ClickUp as your partner, you can create a culture of adaptability at work by embracing the key takeaways from this widely loved book.

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